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Hpu,呃manoa,和夏威夷海上补助金1美元加入.25米奖助金

写的 格雷戈里·菲施巴赫

2022年10月20日
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太平洋上的坎帕奇(almaco jack)

太平洋上的坎帕奇(almaco jack). 图片由安德烈·西尔提供 .

海洋研究所(OI), the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa College of Tropical Agriculture and Human 资源 (CTAHR), and Hawaiʻi Sea Grant received two grants totaling nearly $1.25 million from NOAA Sea Grant to improve the reproduction of kampachi (almaco jack) and 太平洋白虾 in Hawaiʻi. The kampachi grant is for nearly $1 million and the 太平洋白虾 grant is for nearly $250,000. 

The funding is part of a nearly $14 million federal funding investment by NOAA Sea Grant to select Sea Grant programs around the country, including the University of Hawai‘i Sea Grant College Program (Hawai‘i Sea Grant), 加强U.S. 水产养殖.  

“This grant will facilitate a much better understanding of the current challenges facing expansion of marine finfish 水产养殖,” said HPU co-investigator of the grant and OI Director of the Finfish Department 查塔姆卡兰, Ph.D. “Seriolids are currently cultured in Hawaiʻi but efforts to scale-up production has been limited by reproductive challenges in captive stocks. This grant will help improve our understanding of this limitation, 最终 paving the way for significantly increased culture potential. Increased local production of marine fish will decrease our need for importation of seafood, 最终 increasing and improving Hawaiʻi’s 食品安全.” 

Kampachi are among the most valuable finfish groups for offshore 水产养殖 development and are difficult to rear and harvest commercially on a large scale. This award comes at a key moment for 水产养殖 development in Hawaiʻi, as it integrates research and 扩展 thrusts through the leveraging of CTAHR and Hawai‘i Sea Grant expertise.

“We plan to address key barriers of production of kampachi by focusing on improving egg quality, 繁殖能力, 和青少年发展,” said principal investigator of the grant and UH Associate Research Professor Andre P. 希尔,Ph值.D. “Through an integrated collaboration among university research, 扩展, 和行业合作伙伴, the results obtained through this proposed work will result in the facilitation and expansion of commercial development of this and related species. 通过解决生产限制, this combined HPU and UH Mānoa effort will contribute to increasing commercial production of kampachi in Hawaiʻi.”

太平洋白虾

太平洋白虾. 图片由达斯汀·莫斯提供 .

The 太平洋白虾 grant aims to use a genomic approach to improve the reproduction performance of the shrimp. 活动 include laboratory experiments focused on assessing and improving the shrimp’s genetic traits.

“你.S. 是虾类基因研究的领导者吗, with several genetic improvement companies located in Hawaiʻi,” said co-investigator of the grant and Director of the Shrimp Department of OI 达斯汀·莫斯, Ph.D. “In 2021, 大约有500,000个选择性繁殖的虾种苗, 价值约1500万美元, were exported from Hawaiʻi to shrimp hatcheries around the world. 虾种繁殖产量高(i.e., the number of eggs and larvae produced) is vitally important to hatchery operations, but these traits have received little attention from genetic improvement programs due to critical knowledge gaps. Our project with Hawaiʻi Sea Grant aims to use new advances in shrimp genomics to better understand the genetics of shrimp reproduction and, 最终, develop effective genetic improvement strategies for these traits. Knowledge gained from this project will allow US shrimp genetic improvement companies, 包括夏威夷的那些, to develop new shrimp lines and maintain a competitive advantage in the global shrimp broodstock market.”      

Scientists at OI have an international reputation for research on selective breeding of 太平洋白虾; and in 1990, OI developed the world’s first captive population of specific pathogen free 太平洋白虾 and was the first organization in the world to develop a family-based breeding program for the species.  

布拉德利(凯)福克斯,博士.D., Hawai‘i Sea Grant 水产养殖 扩展 specialist and principal investigator of the grant, “这是水产养殖的关键时刻, 食品安全, and our ability to feed humans sustainability around the world. We are very fortunate to be able to collaborate with researchers at OI to push cutting edge technologies with global relevance forward, 同时也在识别, 欣赏, and learning from our host culture 在这里 in Hawaiʻi w在这里 水产养殖 has been practiced and refined for a thousand years.”

要了解更多关于HPU的OI信息,请单击 在这里. 要了解更多关于CTAHR的信息,请点击 在这里. 要了解更多关于夏威夷海洋基金的信息,请点击 在这里.

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